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The Inca Trail Machu Picchu

November 22nd, 2017 | ESSENTIAL INFO | 0 Comments

The Inca trail is an incredible route system built by the Incas in South America. Part of the 45,000 kilometers (approximately 26,000 miles) of roads is Peru’s most famous trekking route and possibly one of the most spectacular in the world. Every year around 7,300 hikers from around the world walk along the extraordinary 45 kilometers of the stone-paved trail; this trail is leading to the unassailable Inca sacred citadel of Machu Picchu.

The life-time journey starts in the village of Pisqhakucho, at kilometer 82 in the sacred valley of the Incas a community just beyond Ollantaytambo. The Trek takes three or four days of strenuous walking. The route includes an impressive variety of altitudes, climates and ecosystems that range from the high Andean plain to the cloud forest. Travelers will cross two high altitude passes (the highest of which reach to 4,200 m.a.s.l.) to culminate the hike with a magical entrance to Machu Picchu through the popular Sun get or the Inti Punku.

One of the highlights of the trek is the mysterious Inca ruins located along the trail. These ruins are: Patallacta, Patahuasi, Runkuraqhay, Sayacmarka, Conchamarka, Phuyupatamarka and Wiñay Wayna.

The Inca Trail Machu Picchu

Description of Classic Inca Trail to Machu Picchu 4 days / 3 nights

The classic Inca trail covers a distance of 45 km or 26mls; it begins at Km. 82 at the community called Piskhakuchu (2,750masl). To begin the trail, you must cross the modern bridge which has been built with steel cables which allow visitors to cross the Urubamba River. Then you head over to the left bank of the river and start the day calmly.

After 3:30 hours, you will come across the archaeological complexes of Llactapa (Up city) from where you’ll continue the trail along the left side of the Kusichaca River; along the trail you will find Inca tombs, aqueducts and Inca terraces. The trail continues to the community of Wayllabamba; takes you around 3 hours to cover from Llactapata to Wayllabamba. One can camp here for the first night, but for comfort we recommend staying in Yuncachimpa 2 Km further on.

The second day is more difficult as the hiker will have to climb up to 4,200 meters, crossing the Warmiwañusqa pass, the first and the highest. If you suffer from “soroche” (altitude sickness) it is best not to stop and descend quickly to the valley of the Pakaymayu River/valley, where you can camp. This spot is 7 Km away and an approximate eight-hour walk.

On the third day the hike is very long but more interesting. You will be able to visit impressive archaeological complexes such as Runkuraqay, Sayacmarka, Phuyupatamarka and Wiñayhuana. The hike of today will be through the original Inca trail; you also will pass beautiful Inca tunnels. Other highlight of today is the nature; you’ll see different types of flowers, orchids, birds and hummingbirds

On the fourth day, which starts normally very early (4:00am), the walker arrives at Machu Picchu Inca Citadel for the sunrise. The hike of today is 2 two hours/ 5Km. The path is clearly marked but tries to avoid getting too close to the cliff edge.

Climate & Environment on the Inca Trail

The Inca Trail’s climate is relatively mild all year- round, with heavy rains from November to March, and dry and hot weather from April to October, which is a recommendable time to hike it. The annual minimal temperature runs from 8° to 11.2°C. In the months of June, July and August the temperature can often fall below zero, but during the day is very hot.

The annual maximum temperature varies from 20.4° to 26.6°C. The terrain is fairly jagged, with many gullies and streams fed by glaciers which eventually pour into the Urubamba river, which crosses the area forming a deep valley which runs through the granite base of Vilcabamba for more than 40 Km through a variety of eco-systems.

Inca Trail Archaeology

Apart from everything that has been mentioned, there is also the Incas cultural heritage. The Inca Trail which was well built crosses dense forests and deep canyons. There are over18 archaeological complexes dotted along the trail which can be seen in their entire splendor. These are made up of housing, irrigation canals, agricultural terracing, walls and shrines, which are irrefutable proof of the existence of important human settlements.

The Inca Trail Machu Picchu

Inca Trail Orchids

July 6th, 2017 | ESSENTIAL INFO | 0 Comments

Inca Trail Orchids can be found all year around; however most of them can be seen during the spring and summer season: from September to April. As the Inca Trail runs through the National park of Machu Picchu there are more probabilities to encounter the orchids in one of your trek. The Inca Trail is situated in the Vilcabamba Mountain ranges and it has a lot of variety in flora and fauna. One can find exquisite varieties of flowers in along the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu which are not found anywhere else in the world.

The Inca Trail has a rich biodiversity and many of its plants and flowers have demonstrated medicinal properties that have been used by the local people for years. The Inca Trail Orchids were counted in number of 350 varieties; Along the Inca Trail there are also a large quantity of flowers along with trees and bushes. The threat of rising environment hazard is posing a great danger to the rare species of flowers and plants of the Inca Trail and hence the Peruvian government has initiated some protective measures to ensure that the rare varieties of flowers on the Inca Trail do not go extinct.

Inca Trail Orchids Season

The Inca Trail Orchids and flowers start blooming at the end of winter and in the monsoon season the surrounding landscape comes alive with the blooming of flowers. In the valleys that are located in the higher mountain ranges one see the growth of such indigenous flowers such as buttercups, cinquefoils, scrophs, polygonums, cinquefoils, composites and mints. As the climate gets warmer, the flowers in the subtropics began to bloom. March and April are the main months on the Inca Trail which is known as the flower season.

Inca Trail Orchids

Inca Trail Orchids video

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Inca Trail Machu Picchu